Catalytic converters are gadgets installed in your car that are designed to convert toxic gasses from your exhaust to less harmful pollutants. They function by catalyzing an oxidation process. The end result is cleaner air for us and the planet. Catalytic converters can also aid in making your car run more efficiently by reducing the amount of fuel it uses to produce emissions. However, they’re not free of flaws.
Catalytic converters use precious metals to carry out chemical conversions that help reduce harmful pollutants and byproducts from car engines. Since these metals are strong they are not likely to damage the other parts of your car, including the gas tank. Once installed, a catalytic convert removes harmful gases from your car’s exhaust and breaks them down into nitrogen, carbon dioxide, or oxygen.
Catalytic converters are most effective when they are exposed to exhaust from engines that are a little above the stoichiometric limit. The combustion ratio for gasoline, autogas, and natural gas is between 14.6 to 14.8 parts air and one part fuel. This ratio differs for oxygenated fuels, such as ethanol. Alcohol fuels require 34 percent more fuel and need specific tuning and parts for the fuel system.
Despite their importance catalytic converters are a prime target for thieves. The thieves are motivated to steal them since they contain precious metals. While they are priced as low as $50 per unit and up, these converters can be worth up to $200 per ounce. Due to the increasing cost of precious metals, theft is increasing.
In addition to the carbon build-up catalytic converters may be clogged by oil and engine coolant. This can cause a decrease in the flow of exhaust gas, causing the engine to run slow. It can also cause excessive heat to build up under the vehicle. Debris can cause damage to catalytic converters, which can result in a decrease in performance and lower fuel efficiency.
Car engines produce three main emissions that include carbon dioxide, nitrogen gas, and water vapour. Catalytic converters are designed to eliminate these gases and address other, smaller pollutants. They can also be used to reduce harmful pollutants such as carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons as well as nitrogen oxides. These converters significantly reduce the amount of pollution emitted by vehicles.
Eugene Houdry invented the first catalytic converter in the year 1950. The principle behind the catalytic converter is to place a set of concentric metal tubes inside the exhaust system. This allows exhaust gases to flow through the concentric rings while clean air is introduced into the system through venturi or ventilation holes. Modern catalytic converters are built with platinum catalysts mounted in 16 rings that function in parallel. They are affordable.
One of the most profitable ways to get rid of catalytic converters is by selling them to scrap. Numerous junkyards have begun to collect catalytic converters. Companies will also buy them. These companies will pay anywhere between $140 and $1500. This has led to a rise in the number of value converters.
While catalytic converters are an integral component of the exhaust system of a car, they can also be taken away. Some thieves have stolen these products from cars to use in illegal activities. Eugene Houdry, a U.S. patent holder was the first to patent the catalytic converter on May 5, 1950. On April 6, 1954, he was granted an invention patent. At first the catalytic converter was used to separate complex, large organic compounds from petroleum.
Most gasoline-powered cars have catalytic converters. They are available in a variety of sizes and materials. Some of these converters are coated with precious metals like platinum and palladium. These precious metals are extremely valuable and attractive to thieves. However, these converters are not traceable if stolen since they don’t have any identification numbers.
Catalytic converters are crucial for the environment because they help reduce the amount of pollution emitted from vehicles. They function by oxidizing carbon fuels to produce less toxic pollutants. This is done by an redox reaction. When the exhaust is a source of these pollutants, it is transformed into less harmful carbon dioxide and water vapor. They have been a common sight since the introduction of catalytic converters in the mid-1970s.
The most important thing to know about catalytic converters is that they are easy to steal. They are found under your car and attached to the exhaust pipe by bolts. However, thieves are able to steal them with a wrench and saw. The converters can be snatched by thieves in minutes.
know more about where to recycle catalytic converters here.